Government of Nagaland accords top priority to Skill Development by aligning itself with the aspirations of the youths
The concept of skilling to the Naga populace was indigenous till the arrival of the British Empire in Naga Hills, where “Fuller Technical School” was started in the year 1908 with Carpentry and Black smithy trades. Fuller Technical School was integrated to Local Government High School in 1941 and was separated in the year 1950. After separation, the re-organized Fuller Technical School at Kohima was named “The Junior Poly Technical School” Kohima, Naga Hills.
Statehood was granted in the year 1963 to Nagaland and the Government further introduced Radio Mechanic, Electrician, Fitter and Welder in addition to the existing trades in the year 1971. After a gap of 9 years, the Junior Poly Technical School was upgraded to Industrial Training Institute, Kohima with Surveyor and Draughtsman as additional trades.
Later, in the year 1986 – 87, two more Industrial Training Institutes were established, one at Mon and one ITI for Women at Dimapur. During the 10th Five Year Plan, four more ITIs at Tuensang, Phek, Mokokchung and Wokha were established under Prime Minister’s package and one ITI at Zunheboto was established under State Plan taking the total number of ITIs in the State to eight. Under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme, “Enhancing Skill Development Infrastructure for NE States & Sikkim”, two Industrial Training Institutes at Dimapur and Peren is under establishment and two more Industrial Training Institutes at Kiphire and Longleng will be established shortly.
Government of Nagaland investing in possibilities through ‘Skill Development’
The Government has so far been the sole employer due to socio-economic and historical reasons. However, there has been a shift in trend with demand for jobs coming in from different sectors and with the changing times, the aspiration of the youth are also changing.
The Government of Nagaland is focused on identifying emerging requirements of training needs, both formal and non- formal and evaluating the capacity and potential of the existing institutional set-up in relation to the emerging skill requirement of the State along with a clear framework for skilling needs for women, particularly in the rural areas and also in low- income occupations in urban areas.
The movement from schooling into the workforce for youths brings with it a new set of actors and challenges for skills development and sustained employment. The Government of Nagaland, apart from focusing on the provision of entry level skills to obtain employment, is also turning its attention to other objectives to meet the challenges:
- Building & fostering innovative partnerships
- Meeting the skill needs of the unemployed,
- Empowering others with skills for occupational change, and
- Responding to the skill needs of the disadvantaged with “second-chance” options for developing qualifications
Government of Nagaland harness ‘Skill Development’ for ‘Unleashing an Era of Youth Development’
- Craftsmen Training Scheme:
The ITIs impart skill oriented training to the youth to enable them to be absorbed in gainful employment and also to be engaged in self-employment ventures.
There are 8 (eight) Industrial Training Institutes in the State imparting training in 22 trades (15 Engineering & 7 Non-engineering). Till date, 8125 trainees have successfully cleared the All India Trade Test (AITT) and currently 825 candidates are undergoing training.
- Year of Construction Workers:
The construction industry has witnessed a vertical growth over the last decade. However, the workforce is not skilled enough to meet the demand and challenges of this rapid growth. Looking at the skill gaps of the workforce that the state is facing and the uphill task of fulfilling the demands in the near future, the State Govt. declared the “Year of Construction Workers” with the Department of Employment, Skill Development & Entrepreneurship as the Nodal Department. Through this initiative the skills of 550 existing construction workers (50 from each district) have been upgraded.
- Aspiration & Capacity Mapping Study:
To develop a holistic and actionable State Skill & Employment Policy for Nagaland, accurate and in-depth primary data, from the village-level upwards, about the needs, constraints, living conditions and local macro-economics of the target audience, is vital.
An ‘Aspirations & Capacity Mapping Study’ was undertaken covering all the 74 Blocks in the 11 districts of the State. The study involved the youths, village councils, women folk, Church, etc to participate in the selection of the priorities to be pursued in their local area, which would bring out an informed study about the needs and aspirations of the local population. The study will help in designing the skills and livelihoods programs that will be disseminated to the people, making sure that the programs are specific to every District.
- Collaborations for Direct Recruitment:
The Department collaborated with premier industries like Indigo Airlines, Spice Jet, Jet Airways, The Oberoi, Maruti Suzuki, etc for direct recruitment of the youths. Through this initiative, 50 youths have been recruited in various capacities as cabin crew, ground operations officer, service advisor and service technician.
- Collaboration with IIT Madras:
Since there are no skilling programs to enhance the employable skills of the diploma or graduate engineers, the Department pioneered a first of its kind collaboration with Indian Institute of Technology, Madras to impart a 2 months skilling program “Essential Skills for enhancing employability of Engineering Graduates” to the youths possessing engineering diploma or degree. The first pilot batch of 9 graduate engineers was trained at IIT Madras from 1st August to 30th September 2017.
- Four participants are engaged as Research Engineer under Advance Manufacturing Technology Development Centre of the IIT MADRAS in various Research Projects.
- One participant worked as engineer with BMW and Rolls Royce, post completion of the Two Months Training at IIT MADRAS. Currently he is working as the Senior Manager for Research and Development at VASITARS, IIT Madras.
- Two are applying to pursue their Masters program at China.]
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) State Managed Component:
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.
Under the Centrally Sponsored State Managed component of PMKVY, the State has been provided a target to train 33, 021 youths across multiple sectors in various job roles. The scheme was rolled out in the State during July, 2018 and till date, 120 youths have been trained, out of which, 100 have been successfully placed. Currently, 600 youths are undergoing training in various training centers across the country.
- Skills Competition:
The India Skills Competition, Nagaland 2018 edition for Cooking and Confectionery/Patisserie skills was held from the 16th to 19th April 2018. A total of 27 participants registered themselves for the competition, with all competitors under the age of 21 as per the guidelines. The winners & the runner-ups of both the category represented the State in the Regional Competitions held at Bhubaneswar, Odisha from the 15th to 17th July, 2018.
- Collaboration with United States India Business Council (USIBC):
The Government of Nagaland signed a Memorandum of Understanding with US-India Business Council (USIBC) to facilitate engagements within Nagaland in which the corporate entities can present their interests, advice and capabilities in several areas such as development of an employment-oriented skill ecosystem, preparation of a blueprint of skill development for employability and also assist in finding partners to implement it in Nagaland.
The corporate entities will also look for best practices in the areas of skill, entrepreneurship and other areas of mutual interest besides use of technology solutions to enable skilled citizens to find suitable employment opportunities.