Local names: Kane Jhar, Kanchara
Parts used: Whole plant
Uses: The plant is bitter, emollient, laxative and refrigerant. The leaf paste is applied on muscular pain, burns, boils and is also useful against tonsillitis. Plant extract with honey is taken to cure cough and leprosy.
Local names: Kukare jhar, Aankhle Jhaar
Parts used: Whole plant.
Uses: Root juice is taken against indigestion. Its paste is applied over the sprain and bone dislocation. The plant juice is also taken to cure chest illness, liver problems and mouth sores.
Local names: Chimphing
Parts used: Roots and fruits.
Uses: The decoction of roots is taken as tonic during tuberculosis. The powder of root is used in erectile dysfunction and the fruits are taken to treat stomach disorders, cough and cold.
Local names: Bhuichampa
Parts used: Tubers
Uses: The tuber is aromatic, anti-inflammatory and thermogenic. Tuber paste is applied on wounds, mumps and swelling. The tuber paste along with the root paste of Urtica dioca and paste of Viscum articulatum is particularly applied on bone fracture and dislocation of bones.
Local name- Bakaino, Persian liliac (Eng)
Parts used- Whole plant
Uses- Root bark is used in post labor pain and the leaf juice is used for skin diseases, cough, worm infestation, malaria, fever etc.
Local names: Laghu patra, Ban kakari
Parts used: Roots, rhizomes, leaves and fruits.
Uses: The rhizomes and roots are considered purgative, stimulant and hepatic. They purify blood, contain cholagogue and are also used in modern medicines. Root paste is applied on cuts, wounds and ulcer. The pounded root and rhizome is taken with water to cure fever, jaundice, cough and gastritis. The rhizome paste is applied to cure gynecological infections and the leaf juice is taken to expel intestinal worms. The ripe fruit is eaten during constipation, jaundice, cough and gastritis.
Local names: Lali-Gurans
Parts used: Bark and flowers.
Uses: Root bark juice is taken to cure pneumonia, stem bark juice is taken during cough, the young leaf paste or juice is applied to the forehead during headaches and is also used for rheumatic pain. Fresh or dried flowers are chewed to treat menstrual disorders, dysentery and are also used in cases where a fish bone sticks down inside the throat. The flowers are harvested and fermented into local wines called ‘guranse’. This wine is believed to be an antidote for altitude sickness.
Local names: Mula, Laphup, Muli
Parts used: Root leaves and seeds.
Uses: Soup prepared from fermented radish is useful in diarrhea and general tiredness. Root soup is good for the piles, heart diseases, hiccups, leprosy and cholera. The leaf juice is used as relief for ear ache. It is diuretic and laxative. The seeds are also digestive, carminative, expectorant and laxative.
Local names: Sisnu
Parts used: Roots and leaves.
Uses: The root is chewed as aid during discomfort in the throat. The leaves are cooked just as vegetables, and are taken to stabilize high blood pressure.
Local name: Bhainsi timur
Parts used: Bark and seed oil.
Uses: The fruits are said to be astringent, digestive and stimulant. A paste made from the immature fruits is held between the teeth for about 10 minutes to ease toothaches. The bark, especially the root bark, is tonic and aromatic. It can be used in the treatment of rheumatism and atonic dyspepsia.