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Medicinal Plants in Tripura

Monochoria hastata

Local name: Chichiri or Kichiri

Uses – Stems and leaves are used as vegetable. Various fractions of leaf protein concentrate (LPC) shows a protein content ranging from 47.4 – 89.4% of dry matter and digestibility ranging from 40.2 to 85.4% of protein.

Alocasia odora

Local name: Gandrui

Uses – Stems are used by tribals to prepare Berama batui, a dish using dry fish. The chemical composition, starch and raphides of the stem of this plant are believed to work as insect repellent.

Ipomoea aquatic

Local name: Kalmi hak

Uses – Twigs and leaves are used to prepare Gudak, a special dish and is a rich source of vitamins, amino acids and proteins.

Dioscorea hamiltonii

Local name: Tha Ganga

Uses – Tubers are cooked along with other vegetables and served as mixed vegetable dish. It has been used to treat issues relating to the stomach and spleen. It contains diosgenin, which can be used to produce estrogen.

Solanum torvum

Local name: Khamka sikum

Uses – Fruits are eaten as vegetable; from the mature fruits, tribals take out the seeds and cook dish. Torvanol A, torvoside H exhibited antiviral activity against Herpes simplex virus. Methanolic extract of fruits showed a wide spectrum of antimicrobial activities against human and animal clinical isolates.

Canavalia gladiate

Local name: Baikang

Uses – Sword beans (Canavalia gladiata), one kind of lesser known and underutilized edible beans, have been used as a food and medicinal plant in China for thousands of years. The bean coats of red and black sword beans contain extremely high antioxidant phenolics, mainly gallic acid and its derivatives, which is unique in edible beans reported. Therefore, sword beans and their bean coats can be good sources of antioxidant phenolics and have potential health benefits. The fruits are good sources of protein and dietary fiber.

 

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