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Medicinal plants in Nagaland

Albizia procera

Local name: Koroi

Parts used: Bark

Uses: Bark decoction is used in rheumatism and haemorrhage. Plant parts show anticancer activity. The plant is used in intestinal diseases and the stem bark’s paste is applied during backache.

Artemisia indica

Local name: Takai

Parts used: Leaves and young shoots

Uses: Purgative, stomachic, deobstruent, antispasmodic, anthelmintic and insecticidal. It cures asthma, itching, anorexia, gastritis, bronchitis, fever, headache and diarrhoea. It is also used in the treatment of skin diseases and foul ulcers. Application of the leaf paste on the forehead of young children is helpful in the prevention of convulsions.

Bauhinia purpurea

Local name: Kanchan

Parts used: Flowers, flower buds and bark

Uses: Bark is used in diarrhoea and dysentery. It is also used as astringent and dropsy.

Clematis buchananiana

Local name: Veraphul

Parts used: Roots and shoots

Uses: Bark is used in stomach ache and tumours. Juice is also used in skin diseases.

Cynodon dactylon

Local name: Doob

Parts used: Whole plant

Uses: The whole plant is used as a drug and it is a good remedy for epitaxies, hematuria and scabies. The drug is cooling, astringent, demulcent, diuretic, ophthalmic, hemostatic and suppurative. Rhizome is useful in genito-urinary disorders. The plant checks bleeding from cut and wounds and is useful during fever, burning sensation, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery, dropsy, bleeding piles, eye infections epilepsy and hysteria.

Eryngium foetidum

Local name: Naga dhaniya

Parts used: Whole plant

Uses: Leaf juice is applied on the forehead to reduce fever and also used as a tonic. The root is stomachic and the alcoholic extract is diuretic.

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